Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia (Jurkessia)

Pengaruh Penggunaan Garam Beryodium Terhadap Status Gizi Balita Pendek Di Kecamatan Amuntai Tengah Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara Tahun 2010

Chairunnisa1, Rusman Efendi2*, Muhammad Rayhan2

Abstract
The state of nutrition is the major prerequisite in achieving a healthy Human Resources and qualified. Iodine is a micronutrient required for the growth and development. In the human body, iodine is needed to form thyroxine hormone that functions to regulate growth and development, including intelligence. Iodine deficiency especially in childhood will have serious implications on the physical and mental development. Based on the results of the monitoring of iodized salt in 2009, the District Hulu Sungai Utara, especially for the District Central Amuntai known that the villages with poor category by 50%. Therefore, this research want to know the effect of usage iodized salt to the nutritional status of children in District Central Amuntai Sub Province Tanah Laut in 2010. Type of research is observational case control study design, population in this study were all under five in District Amuntai Central 4800 which amounted to a toddler, the sample in this study were all families who have children with low nutrition status of as many as 49 people and 49 people as a control. The results showed the use of iodized salt had effect on toddlers that have short nutritional status based on height according to age, as shown by the chi-square test results show that the value of p = 0,024 <0.05, as well as the use of iodized salt had effect on normal nutrition status in children based on body weight according to age, as shown by the chi-square test results show that the value of p = 0,024 < 0,05.

Keywords : salt, iodized, nutritional status, short, normal

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